South Korea : The Best Cycling Destination in Asia


South Korea may not be on the top of people’s lists when it comes to traveling Asia, but for cycling enthusiast that should probably change.  Without much fanfare South Korea has quietly built and invested huge amounts of money into some of the nicest and most extensive cycling trails in the world.  The majority of Korea’s main rivers now have beautiful cycle trails that follow alongside them.  Seoul, the capital, is famous for its parks and walking/biking trails along the Han river.


Typical bike path along a Korean river

The Route

But there is one bike trail that is the crown jewel of asian cycling, if not world cycling.  In 2011 Korea opened up the 4-Rivers (4대강) cycling trail.  A beautiful bike trail that stretches across the entire country from Incheon in the Northwest to the port city of Busan in the Southeast.  The entire trail is clearly marked with Blue signs and a cycling image on the road.  The beauty of this trail is that nearly 70% of the trail across the entire country was built specifically for cyclists (= No Cars!).   The other 30% are country roads that get minimal car traffic and provide a nice bit of variety. There are constant kilometer markers which tell you how far you’ve gone and how far you have to go.  I can think of no other country in the world (not even the Netherlands) where you can ride so long without having to worry about cars or having to once look at a map.

The 4 Rivers route from Incheon to Busan

The 4 Rivers route from Incheon to Busan


Just follow the signs that begin with the #4, and you’ll get to where you’re headed.


The cross country path has this symbol painted along the way

At first i thought the trail might get boring as I imagined the whole road was along a riverside, but I was wrong; the trail stays diverse and interesting.  It goes by little towns, farming villages, even a few tough hills (there’s one in the middle of the country’s mountainous spine that is a bit of a monster) and a couple larger cities.  Some of the infrastructure investments for this cycling trail are awe-inspiring.  There is a section from Paldang Dam in Seoul to Yangpyeong station that used to be a railway road, that carves through mountains and over bridges.  There are places where bridges were built specifically for bicycles to go over a river.  And there is some beautiful wood cycle paths built on the sides of cliffs and rivers that seem like a wooden roller coaster.  Most stunning of all are the artistic dams/bridges that you use to cross the river along the way; each one is more like a sculpture than a bridge.

This used to be a railway tunnel thru a mountain, now it's just for bikes

This used to be a railway tunnel thru a mountain, now it’s just for bikes

Here's an example of the crazy amount of money they spent on this bike path.  They built an extra bridge just for bikers next to a bridge for cars.

Here’s an example of the crazy amount of money they spent on this bike path. They built an extra bridge just for bikers next to a bridge for cars.

One of the few non-bike only rural roads

One of the few non-bike only rural roads


Like a wooden rollercoaster!

One of the impressive dam / bridge / sculpture you'll see along the way.  Those egg looking things are hydro electric generators, and the plane sculpture is a fountain with water pouring down it.

One of the impressive dam / bridge / sculpture you’ll see along the way. Those egg looking things are hydro electric generators, and the plane sculpture is a fountain with water pouring down it.

Food & Games

Along most of the trail, especially the northern part, there are ample food stalls to get delicious korean food like Mandu (dumplings), constant 7-11 connivence stores to stock up on Pocari Sweat (asian Gatorade), and plenty of nice parks to hangout and take a break (Korea actually has too many parks, never thought I’d say that, but they have some really nice parks in the middle of nowhere that will go unused).  There are even plenty of well-maintained public bathrooms thoughtfully placed along the trail.  There’s even some repair shops and bike gear shops along the way.  Basically you’re as spoiled as could be when it comes to cycling amenities.

Bike restaurant where I had some pajeon (korean pancakes)

Bike restaurant where I had some pajeon (korean pancakes)

One of the other really fun aspects of this trip is you can turn it into a collect-them-all exploration game.  You can get an offical Passport to Korea’s river biking trails and along the path you’ll find many British style red phone booths, where you can collect stamps representing all the main tourist sites along the bike trail.  Fill up an entire route and you can get stickers and even medals to prove you’ve completed your Korean cycling odyssey.


The 4-Rivers Cycling Passport and Dr Whoesque stamp booth


Got to collect all the stamps to get a medal

Travel Considerations

While many travelers going to Asia focus on Japan and/or Thailand.  Consider a trip flying into Japan, taking a ferry to Busan in Korea, then hopping on your bike and riding across the entire country of Korea to Incheon, where you can easily get a plane ride from Incheon airport (my favorite airport in the world) to complete the rest of your Asian travels.

The entire trip is around 620 kilometers long and could be done in 4 days if you really want to push yourself crazy hard, but I recommend a more leisurely 7-8 day long trip.  I recommend camping along the way, then you have more freedom about where you start and stop everyday.  I had no trouble camping in parks, even in towns under pagodas.  While you can certainly stay in hotels along the way, and I certainly recommend you do it some nights, be aware you’ll have to do a bit more planning to make sure you’ll find an appropriate town come sundown especially in the southern part of the country which is more sparsely populated.

I camped near this pagoda near a little town, no one bothered me at all.

I camped near this pagoda near a little town, no one bothered me at all.

This is how Koreans camp, they bring their whole kitchens with them.

This is how Koreans camp, they bring their whole kitchens with them.

If you’re the type of cyclist who doesn’t want to worry about traffic, or having to stress out navigating the whole time, and just wants to ride and ride past lots of beautiful scenery in an interesting new culture, I whole-heartedly recommend cycling across Korea on the 4-Rivers path.  It’s a great step beyond a weekend trip, to a more epic cross-country cycling trip, but it makes it super easy and smooth.  And if you’re only in the capital of Seoul and don’t have time to ride across the entire country, I still highly recommend you get a taste of this river trail by riding from Paldang subway station to Yangpyeong subway station on the Jungang line, then taking the subway back.  The trip should take about 3 hours.    I know it sounds like I’m writing this for the Korean Tourism board, but I swear I’m just a person who enjoyed cycling in Korea and thinks more people should know about it.

Korea Cycling Fighting!

Korea Cycling Fighting!


Official website of the 4-Rivers Restoration project :

Wikipedia article about the 4-Rivers Project :

Link to a PDF about Korean river cycling make by the tourist office :

Website with info about people experiences cycling in Korea :

Alternate route across the country if you don’t want to do things the easy way :

32 thoughts on “South Korea : The Best Cycling Destination in Asia

  1. Pingback: Seoul to Busan by bike: Following the 4 rivers trail - ChIvyLeague

  2. A very well written and elaborate piece. It shows your passion for cycling and life at large. Thanks for all the info.

  3. Super inspiring! I was thinking of extending my stay in Korea after a work trip but also wanted to get some good riding done. Now I have the solution!! Can’t wait for this. THANK YOU!

  4. Pingback: Day Trips from Seoul: Biking in Ungilsan and Yangpyeoung, Gyeongi-do |

  5. Pingback: Bicycle Touring from Seoul to Busan on South Korea’s 4 Rivers Cycle Pathway - Bicycle Thailand Bicycle Thailand

  6. Pingback: Best Roads in Asia to Ride – Espresso Cyclist

  7. Pingback: Cycling in South Korea - What You Need To Know

  8. Pingback: How to ride your bicycle across Korea | Pretzel Cobra

    • Welcome to Korea…Yes, can!! U$20/a day can be rented and I can manage to help you for this bike tour during your stay. Feel free to contact me as a bike tour guide in Korea

  9. I read that you cannot take your bike on the train but there’s no problem taking it on buses since the storage below is usually empty.

    • Yes, under the Bus and a speciallized route of subway, alongside Han River/100Km.
      For more details, pls contact me, Elvis HAN as a bike tour guide in Korea

  10. Any foreigner (or Korean really) biking in Korea should be aware that they have unlimited and unconditional liability for any reckless action of a pedestrian, limited possibly, and still only partially by video evidence. Pedestrians are given almost zero responsibility for their actions in Korea, and a collision with one, if not settled, produces a large fine and a police record similar to a criminal record. The result is that people do intentionally instigate accidents and can profit from them, beyond actual expenses, in settlements. All cyclists should make sure to carry general personal liability insurance, and may want to invest in a couple of cameras.

    Korea has wonderful cycling opportunities but a legal system that replaces true personal responsibility for unreasonable actions with strict liability for reasonable ones, that criminalizes simple negligence, that presumes guilt and that encourages and normalizes extortion to the point that most even seem to believe it is even reasonable or at least acceptably normal. Korea is not a cyclist friendly country.

  11. But is it fun? Switzerland and Germany have pristine bike paths… but I’d rather be pedaling through the chaos of Vietnam, where the people are part of the immense enjoyment.

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